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Carpet Fibers

Posted on September 16, 2016 at 9:25 AM
Several different types of fiber are used to make Carpet, but these are the most commonly used. They are nylon, polyester, olefin (also known as polypropylene) and wool. All of these except for wool are synthetic fibers.
  • Nylon- Most widely used of the synthetic fibers. Offers the best resiliency among the synthetics along with good stain and abrasion resistance.
  • Polyester - Is best at retaining color and won't fade over time. It's also capable of providing a very soft feel though it's not as resilient as nylon and is more prone to crushing and matting.
  • Olefin - are resistant to the buildup of static electricity and retaining good stain resistance & colorfastness. Olefin is resistant to the buildup of mildew from excessive moisture, and are better suited than wool in moist environments like basements.
  • Wool - Wool fibers have a structure similar to a spring which makes it an excellent fiber for high traffic areas. Wool's naturally "scaly" surface resists the accumulation of dirt, but it absorbs moisture more than synthetic fibers and could develop odors in damp or humid settings. It has a softness that's hard to duplicate in synthetic fibers. It is also natural, and environmentally friendly both from a sourcing and disposal perspective

Fibers also come in classes:  Staple or Continuous Filament. 
  • Staple- fibers are shorter in length and are wound together to form the strands of yarn that make up the pile. Sometimes some of these fibers come loose and lay on the surface of the rug or stick to your clothing. Wool is a staple fiber by nature and you'll sometimes see this shedding effect on the surface of a wool floor covering.
  • BCF(Bulk Continuous Filament)- fibers are manufactured in long, virtually continuous lengths. They're made by extruding a material, such as nylon, through a dye. But BCF doesn't have the tendency for shedding like staple fibers, because the pieces of yarn that make up the pile are made from continuous-length fibers, not smaller pieces like staple fibers.

One of the benefits of staple fibers is that they can be made into very fine yarns for more intricate pattern designs, something that is not as easy with BCF.

Categories: Helpful Information

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